Frankie

Last week I posted about the TNR group I work with. I mentioned how it’s nifty when I get to see cats they pulled off the streets and adopted out to clients who eventually come to my primary care practice, Animal Health Care Center of Hershey. Sometimes, we see them for illnesses before they are adopted out. Meet Frankie. Frankie must have been abandoned because what Flame-point Siamese is a bonafide stray? Frankie was taken in by PAWS. He was thin, under-conditioned and un-neutered. He was given lots of groceries and love. Last week, he developed vomiting and diarrhea. So much so that the pound he gained since being taken in had vanished. PAWs brought him into AHCC. One of our doctors attended to his care while he was hospitalized for a few days. He was diagnosed with inflammatory bowel disease. Medications to help reset his system were given and a dietary change was made. He went “home” to PAWS on Thursday.  I had another TNR clinic on Saturday at PAWS’ headquarters and got to see Frankie running around the great room. It is so good to see your patients feeling better and back to health. Assuming he continues to do well and gains his weight back, I’ll be neutering Frankie and cleaning up his teeth later this month. Clearly he doesn’t know these plans or I doubt he would have taken the following selfie of the both of us… 😉
 

Smile!
 

TNR

TNR stands for Trap Neuter Return of feral (aka wild, unowned) cats.   TNR programs are extremely helpful in reducing the numbers of unowned cats in shelters as well as the numbers of cats that are euthanized in shelters. However, it takes some time.  TNR is a special passion of mine.  I have been working with a wonderful group within Central Pennsylvania called PAWS (pawsofpa.org).  PAWS focuses on reducing pet overpopulation and homelessness with large-scale TNR clinics.  The beauty of what PAWS does also lies in the fact that friendly “feral” cats and kittens brought through the clinic also find spots in their foster homes to be adopted out, becoming loved house-cats too.  As their spay/neuter veterinarian and a private practice veterinarian, it is so exciting to see cats come through our veterinary practice that have paperwork indicating adoption through the PAWS program.  It is great to see them “off the streets” and living the good life.

Today, we held a TNR clinic in Grantville, PA.  PAWS has people who help to trap feral cats and facilitate transportation to the spay/neuter clinics.  Each cat coming through the clinic receives a spay or neuter surgery under general anesthesia.  A low dose of an injectable anesthesia induces the anesthetic state and then we use gas anesthesia to maintain the pet during the surgery.  The cat’s ear is tipped – a procedure in which the tip of the left ear is excised – as a universal indicatior that this feral cat has been fixed and vaccinated.   

 Those deemed friendly enough for the adoption program are tested for FeLV/FIV and microchipped.  Post-operatively, the cats each receive a rabies vaccination, distemper vaccination, injectable antibiotic, injectable dewormer, and a dose of flean and tick prevention.  If there are any health issues such as an upper respiratory infection, wound, or skin infection, these are treated to the best of our ability in the wild cat.  Some caretakers are great at mixing liquid antibiotics into the food to treat their illness for a longer period of time.  The cats are monitored closely as they recover from anesthesia.  Once sitting up and looking around, they are considered recovered and the transporter/caretaker is notified that their cat is ready for pickup.

I pride myself in having a low surgical complication rate.  Our rate of anesthesia complication is less than 0.1%… as good (and in some cases better) as most primary care veterinarians.  I can attribute this to my excellent team of support staff and vigilant monitoring.  We truly do a good job at giving these unowned feral cats the best care possible at a reduced cost.  If you ever get a chance to volunteer for such an event, I would highly recommend it.  Not only will you be doing a great thing for the cats in your community but it is also a very rewarding opportunity.

Top 10 Reasons VET TECHS are AWESOME!

It’s National Veterinary Technician Recognition Week.  Just thought you’d like to know why veterinary technicians are a much needed and important member of the veterinary team:

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1. Getting bit, scratched, peed on, or pooped on is just a routine hazard of the job.

While getting bit doesn’t happen THAT often since technicians are trained in proper restraint techniques, it still occurs.  However, getting peed on and pooped on is a regular occurrence.  Sometimes when Fido is super-nervous he piddles and it’s likely on the arm or leg of the tech helping to hold and calm said fearful Fido.  Anal glands are a real treat and an unforgettable smell…watch a vet and a vet tech work together and you’ll know which vets have a history of a wide splash zone with such smelly procedures such as anal gland expression!

2. Techs are experts with venipuncture.

kittenHave you seen kitten veins?  They are almost invisible! On top of that, have you ever seen a kitten sit still for a needle poke? My poor husband has notoriously bad veins for blood draws or catheter placement – I always joke with him that our technicians could hit his vein on the first try with their eyes closed.  Okay, okay, maybe not quite with their eyes closed but it’s be pretty easy after trying to draw blood from the minuscule vein of a 1 pound wiggly kitten.  The general population thinks that blood draws are the job of the veterinarian or that the veterinarian may be more skilled than the tech at blood draws but quite frankly, the techs have us beat on this one 9 times out of 10.  Only every now and then do you get a vet who started out as a technician and might still retain his venipuncture expertise!

3.  Hospitalized pets receive most of their care at the hands of the tech

Again, probably thought to be the job of the veterinarian, but the tech is the person who is likely to carry out the treatments that are “ordered” by the vet.  When a pet patient is admitted to the hospital, the veterinarian examines the pet and decides necessary treatments – be it anything from IV fluids to oral medications.  The tech then has to carry out these treatments and the monitoring schedule set up by the vet.  If anything changes the tech is likely to be the one to alert the doctor who then again re-evaluates and re-plans for further diagnostics or treatments.  I’ve seen many a tech also spending that extra time to tuck hospitalized patients into a warm bed or to hand feed sick pets who would otherwise not be eating.  They truly care and go the extra mile without much recognition.

4. Techs educate pet owners on an daily basis – every time they step in an exam room

What diets should I feed and how much? What is heartworm? How do I get rid of fleas? Does Fluffy need every vaccine available?   This is one task that is different in every veterinary hospital, however, in ours, our techs get the conversation started.  Some techs even have special interest areas in which they have attended advanced learning seminars – such as on nutrition and diets or pet behavior.  Again, in our practice, our techs are educated on what vaccines we require and those we recommend depending on the pet’s lifestyle.  This not only helps keep us veterinarians on time but allows us to focus on the more advanced medical discussions with pet owners.

5. The job is physically challenging

Imagine this scenario – a 130 pound English Mastiff needs abdominal xrays to look for the possible corn-cob he swallowed whole that is now suspected to be in his intestines causing an obstruction.  How do you get a dog this big on an xray table that is 3 feet off the ground?  Make him jump? No, not likely – dangerous to pet and the xray machine parts! english mastiffNot to mention probably impossible with Kujo not feeling so well. So, you lift with all your might and with as many people as able.  Okay, now Kujo is on the table but how do you get him to lay on his back for the standard ventral-dorsal view?  Roll-over Kujo!  Not likely  – unless he’s the world’s best behaved and well trained English Mastiff.  You each grab a hold and slowly lay him on his side and then roll him up onto his back.  The next precious moments are filled with activity in which the xray beam is centered and the picture taken while your muscles are still available to help restrain Kujo in the correct position.  Oh, and did I mention that most of this is occurring with the heavy lead xray gowns on to protect you from the radiation?  Oh, and by “you” above, I mean the technicians.  The vet is likely onto her next appointment playing with a cute and cuddly beagle puppy whilst the techs obtain this important image.

 

6. Techs sacrifice their skin to save the vet

Even today during appointments I attempted to vaccinate a semi-unruly cat named Rambo.  Rambo wanted nothing to do with being at the vet’s office and certainly absolutely NOTHING to do with her rabies booster.  Our tech was holding Rambo for her vaccination when she suddenly made an attempt at revenge.  The first thing the tech said to me when Rambo got away from her was “step back” and “watch out”.   This concern for my health and safety happens on a regular basis.  Then, on top of all of this, the techs might get scratched but won’t draw attention to it out of respect for the owners.  Nobody wants to know when their four-legged furry child has misbehaved or injured a person!  If possible, the techs will stay quiet about it and not ever let on that they’ve been injured until the task at hand is complete and they step out of the exam room.  I’m willing to bet almost every technician could point at a scar and say how it happened when a vet was poking a pet with a needle.

7.  Anesthesia monitoring and recovery can be complicated and nerve-wracking

There are so many things to monitor when your pet is undergoing a surgical procedure.  At the start, as the veterinarian administers the induction medications, and the pet slowly slips into an anesthetic state, the vet and the techs mind are now a blur.  The tech is Veterinarian doctor and a beagle puppythinking about everything from monitoring the heart rate, breathing rate, level of anesthesia, fluid rate, pulse oximeter, pet temperature, comfort and much more while the vet is now reviewing in her mind the surgical procedure ahead such as what size and type of suture to use, any nuances that might need to be addressed during surgery, and also level of anesthesia and possible further medications that may be necessary.  We veterinarians rely heavily on our trained technicians to keep an eye on the patient as a whole while we have our eye on the surgery site.  If anesthesia concerns arise, the tech brings them to the surgeon’s attention and the anesthesia is adjusted accordingly as per vet instructions.  This can be a very nerve-wracking time for technicians – not normally in routine procedures such as spays and neuters, but in an aged pet needing a lump removal you can bet that there are some heightened nerves until the procedure is complete.

8.  Medicine refills can pile up fast  – and counting 36, 60, and 112 pills of three different medications can take a bit of time!

Your child’s doctor doesn’t normally carry many medications in-house.  So when your son is diagnosed with an infection, you are likely sent with a prescription to the nearest pharmacy.  Many veterinary offices need specific animal medications which are not always available at a human pharmacy.  Therefore, we act as a pharmacy on a regular basis in the midst of all the other goings-on in the hospital.   So, in between educating clients, collecting lab samples, caring for hospitalized pets, assisting veterinarians, and taking xrays, the techs are usually responsible for being a pharmacy technician too in filling prescriptions.  This involves counting out the pills or measuring out the liquid medication, printing out a prescription label, and sometimes calling the pet owner to inform them that the medication is ready.  This can be quite the daunting task to complete when you’re filling 50+ prescriptions a day!

9.  Doctors can be pushy

I struggled to figure out what adjective to use above.  Pushy works but bossy, irritable, impatient, demanding, and others would work as well.  Now, that’s not to say we’re ALWAYS like this, but when we get stressed out about a couple of tough cases or maybe we’re running behind, we can, at times, take it out on our technicians.  (I’m guilty of this on occasion.)  We can also be cheerful and we like to think we’re fun at times too!  In most practices, the doctors are the authority figure so technicians usually just have to put up with an irritable veterinarian without getting irritable back.  This can be challenging and mentally exhausting.  Our techs do a great job of remaining chipper and overcoming these periods.  (Now as a disclaimer I want you all to know that I feel these irritable veterinarian times are not frequent occurrences and most vets will accept a gentle reminder to regroup and return to a normal cheerful doctor.)

10.  They love pets more than they love people

Last year during national vet tech week, I asked each of our techs to explain why they became a veterinary technician to use as a post to honor each of them for their hard work.  It was so “cliche” in that they all said something to the effect of loving animals. Well of course they love animals! But if you actually look at many of their pets, quite a few of them have pets that were “rescued” or “homeless” because a previous owner ran into a situation where they couldn’t care for or keep a pet.  Of our technicians, I can think of at least three who have at least one pet which fits this “needed a home” criteria.  The hearts of our technicians go out to each and every pet going through a difficult time, they shed a tear for the elderly pets who go to the rainbow bridge,  and they are delighted when a hospitalized pet is discharged from the hospital as a healthy pet on the road to recovery.  Many remember the names of each of the pets and how they best tolerate their nails being trimmed – if cookies are needed for distraction or belly rubs work best.  They talk to your pet in that silly voice we all use at one time or another, you know the one I’m referring to…the octave-higher-silly-words-all-strung-together-excited talk that you know makes your pet just wiggle with joy.  The bottom line is, of all the other 9 things on this list, the most important is how much they love Princess when she’s in for her regular check-up and nail trim. And that’s why we love technicians and couldn’t run as successful veterinary practice without them.

vet tech cat

Next time you’re in the vet’s office – take a moment to thank the technicians for all they do…it’s really quite impressive!  And if you’re a vet like me – don’t forget to also thank your techs as you know you’d be lost without them.  A little bit of thanks is nothing compared to what they deserve, but it does go a long way.  To all the techs out there – Happy Veterinary Technician Week!

WORLD RABIES DAY

Yesterday, September 28th, 2013 was World Rabies Day.  Do you know the facts about rabies virus?

Core vaccination in our dogs and cats includes vaccination against the rabies virus.  Why? Rabies is widespread throughout the world (with very few exceptions) and is always fatal if proper vaccination or post-exposure vaccination is not employed.  Many people know that rabies is dangerous and that animal bites are a vehicle for virus spread; however, there’s much more to it than that…

What does rabies look like? There are two forms of rabies – a “furious” form and a “paralytic or dumb” form.  However, some animals will show no signs of rabies other than death.  The furious form is more easily recognized and the paralytic form can be very dangerous and hard to recognize.

Furious Form

Aggression, loss of fear, circling, excessive vocalization, attraction to humans or activity, daytime activity of species normally active at night, difficulty swallowing, drooling, biting at objects or other animals

Paralytic or “Dumb” Form

Decreased activity, uncoordinated walk/mannerisms, hind limb weakness, dull.  Cats with paralytic form suddenly become excessively friendly and may meow excessively.  Lower jaw may drop and increased drool production.

What animals can be infected by rabies? Any mammal can be infected. We vaccinate our cats and dogs against rabies to not only protect our pets but also to protect the humans that live with them.  Incidentally, some county fairs require rabies vaccination for all livestock that are housed at the fair during fair week, again, based on their close proximity to the general public.

The CDC monitors rabies prevalence within the United States.  The most common wild-animal carriers by region in 2010 are pictured below: [photo courtesy of CDC.gov]

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How is rabies transmitted?  Exposure to rabies occurs when saliva or bodily fluids from a rabid animal comes in contact with another animals (or human) blood, mouth, or mucous membranes.

  • A direct bite or scratch from a contagious rabid mammal
  • Saliva or neural tissue from a contagious rabid animal contacting an open wound, breaking in the skin, or mucous membranes such as the eyes, nose, or mouth.
  • Virus can survive on inanimate objects for as long as it takes for the saliva to completely dry.  Sunlight will kill the virus, freezing and moisture may help preserve it.  The virus is killed by most disinfectants and there has never been a documented case of rabies transmitted to humans from an inanimate object.
  • BATS are a frequent cause of human rabies cases in the US as of 2013.  The CDC recommends that every bat found inside a building or home to be tested for rabies because people and animals can be bitten by a bat and have no idea it happened.
The following image shows the number of rabies positive raccoons tested in 2010 compared to the number tested. Notice how the east coast is bright yellow – meaning there were many positive rabid raccoons. [photo courtesy of CDC.gov]

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What do I do if my pet has been bitten? 

  1. First and foremost, do NOT get bitten trying to break up a fight between animals.  If you are bitten, clean the bite wound immediately and call your healthcare professional. 
  2. Check to make sure your pet’s rabies vaccine is up-to-date. 
  3. Be sure to try to ascertain the rabies vaccination status of the animal that did the biting.
  4. Call your veterinarian.
  • If all animals involved have current rabies vaccinations then rabies transmission is not likely. 
  • If the BITER is not vaccinated, the BITTEN pet is considered exposed.  Your pet must be seen by a veterinarian ASAP and the BITER should be monitored for 10 days for any signs of clinical rabies disease.  Once 10 days have passed and the BITER is healthy, the BITTEN is no longer considered exposed and is safe from rabies virus from the bite.
  • If the BITER is not vaccinated and the BITTEN is current on rabies vaccination, again the BITER is monitored for 10 days for signs of sickness.  If the BITER cannot be monitored for 10 days (such as the case with a wild-animal bite) then the BITTEN is considered exposed and should be quarantined for 90 days.  Rabies vaccination during the quarantine period is permitted by the Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture.
  • If the BITER and the BITTEN are both not vaccinated for rabies, again the BITER is monitored for 10 days for signs of sickness.  If the BITER cannot be monitored for 10 days (such as the case with a wild-animal bite) then the BITTEN is considered exposed and should be quarantined for 180 days as it can take up to 6 months for rabies to incubate in a bitten animal. Rabies vaccination during the quarantine period is permitted by the Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture.

RABIES EXPOSURE INFORMATION AND PROTOCOLS CAN BE CONFUSING.  IF YOUR PET IS POSSIBLY EXPOSED TO RABIES, PLEASE CONTACT YOUR VETERINARIAN AS SOON AS POSSIBLE FOR FURTHER DIRECTION AND CARE.

Further instructions for persons bit by a rabid animal in Pennsylvania are found here: http://www.portal.state.pa.us/portal/server.pt/gateway/PTARGS_0_2_24476_10297_0_43/AgWebsite/ProgramDetail.aspx?name=Rabies-Facts&navid=12&parentnavid=0&palid=129&

Can Rabies be prevented? YES! Vaccination against rabies is very effective.  By PA LAW, dogs and cats (including indoor only cats) must be vaccinated for rabies by 4 months of age and vaccination must be kept up-to-date.

Pictured below is  a 2010 surveilance map of the number of rabid cats and dogs by US region that were tested positive for rabies compared to the number tested overall.  Notice again how the east coast and PA tend to be covered in yellow – Rabies Vaccination for all pets is recommended and required by PA State Law. [photo courtesy of cdc.gov]

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Please take time today to check your pet’s rabies vaccination status.  If you do not know when they are next due for their rabies vaccination, please call your veterinarian as soon as you are able.

 If you have any further questions regarding the rabies virus or rabies vaccination protocols, please feel free to post below or call us at Animal Health Care Center of Hershey at 717-533-6745.